BASIC KNITTING ABBREVIATIONS

[ ]

Work instructions within brackets as many times as directed

( )

Work instructions within parentheses in the place directed

*

Repeat instructions following the asterisk as directed

* to **

Repeat instructions between the * and ** as directed

alt

alternate

approx

approximate

beg

beginning/ begin

bet

between

BO

bind off

CO

cast on

cont

continue

dec

decrease/ decreases/ decreasing

dpn

double-pointed needles

foll

follow/ follows/ following

g st

garter stitch

inc

increase/ increases/ increasing

k or K

knit

k1,p1

knit 1, purl 1

k2tog

knit 2 together

kwise

knitwise

LH

left-hand

m1

make 1 stitch

m1 p-st

make 1 purl stitch

p or P

purl

p2tog

purl 2 stitches together

pm

place marker

prev

previous

psso

pass slipped stitch over

pwise

purlwise

rem

remain/remaining

rep

repeat(s)

rev St st

reverse stockinette stitch

RH

right-hand

rnd(s)

round(s)

RS

right side

sk

skip

skp

slip, knit, pass slipped stitch over-1 stitch decreased

sk2p

slip 1, knit 2 together, pass slipped stitch over the knit 2 together — 2 stitches decreased

sl

slip

sl1k

slip 1 knitwise

sl1p

slip 1 purlwise

sl st

slip stitch

ssk

slip, slip, knit these 2 stitches together — a decrease

sssk

slip, slip, slip, knit these 3 stitches together — a 2-stitch decrease

st(s)

stitch(es)

St st

stockinette stitch

tbl

through back loop

tog

together

WS

wrong side

wyib

with yarn in back

wyif

with yarn in front

yfwd

yarn forward

yo

yarn over

yon

yarn over needle

 

 

                       

Basic Crochet Abbreviations

Abbrev.Definition
blback loop
begbegin/beginning
CCcontrasting color
chchain stitch
ch-sp or ch spchain space
dcdouble crochet
decdecrease/decreases/decreasing
flfront loop
hdchalf double crochet
incincrease/increases/increasing
lp(s)loop(s)
MCmain color
pmplace marker
remremain/remaining
reprepeat(s)
rnd(s)round(s)
RSright side
scsingle crochet
skskip
sl st or ssslip stitch
sp(s)space(s)
st(s)stitch(es)
tblthrough back loop
tflthrough front loop
togtogether
trtreble crochet
tch or t-chturning chain
WSwrong side
yoyarn over

 

For more abbreviations, click here

Yarn Weight Symbols

yarn labels

 Also check out the Standard Yarn Weight System for which needle/hook to use with each yarn.

* GUIDELINES ONLY: The above reflect the most commonly used gauges and needle or hook sizes for specific yarn categories.

** Lace weight yarns are usually knitted or crocheted on larger needles and hooks to create lacy, openwork patterns. Accordingly, a gauge range is difficult to determine. Always follow the gauge stated in your pattern.

*** Steel crochet hooks are sized differently from regular hooks—the higher the number, the smaller the hook, which is the reverse of regular hook sizing

Yarn Care Symbols?  Can't figure out what those funny symbols on the yarn label mean?  Check them out at this site.